Louis XVII of France

: A Brief History

was a French monarch who reigned from 1793 to 1795. He was the son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette and the last King of France before the French Revolution. His reign was brief, but his legacy has endured throughout history. In this article, we will explore the life and reign of .

Early Life

Louis XVII was born on March 27, 1785 in the Palace of Versailles. He was the third child and only son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. His parents were both devoted to him and took great care to ensure his upbringing was filled with education and love. At the time of his birth, he was the Dauphin, or heir to the throne, of France.

French Revolution

In 1789, the French Revolution began and the monarchy was abolished. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were arrested and taken to prison. Louis XVII was separated from his parents and placed in the custody of a guard named Antoine Simon.


Louis XVII was kept in a prison in Paris for the next three years. He was denied access to education, recreation, and medical care. He was also subjected to cruel treatment, including being forced to wear a dress with a rope tied around his waist.

Death of Louis XVI

In 1793, Louis XVI was executed by guillotine. This left Louis XVII as the sole heir to the throne. He was declared King of France on September 20, 1793.

Reign of Louis XVII

Louis XVII’s reign was brief. He was only 10 years old when he became King and he was still in prison. His mother, Marie Antoinette, was still alive and she was allowed to visit him in prison. She was able to provide him with some comfort and support during this difficult time.

Fall of the Monarchy

In 1795, the monarchy fell and Louis XVII was stripped of his title. He was moved to a new prison and his health began to deteriorate. He eventually died in 1795, at the age of 10.


Despite his short reign, Louis XVII has left a lasting legacy. He is remembered as a young monarch who endured great hardship and suffering in the face of adversity. He is also remembered as a symbol of the resilience of the French people.


Since his death, there has been much debate and controversy surrounding the true identity of Louis XVII. Some believe that he was not the son of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, but rather the son of a man named Count de Provence. However, this has never been definitively proven.


Louis XVII has become a symbol of French culture and history. He is often depicted in art, literature, and film. He is also remembered for his courage and resilience in the face of adversity.


was a young monarch who reigned during a tumultuous period of French history. He endured great hardship and suffering, yet still managed to remain resilient in the face of adversity. His legacy has endured throughout history, and he is remembered as a symbol of courage and strength. Louis XVII of France was the titular king of France and Navarre from 1815 to 1824, despite never actually ruling as monarch due to his young age. Also known as Louis-Charles, the dauphin, or the heir apparent of France, Louis XVII assumed the title upon the death of his father, Louis XVI.

Louis XVII was only 8 years old when his father was executed during the French Revolution, and his mother, Marie Antoinette, was imprisoned for her role in the alleged crimes of the monarchy. Instead of being exiled to Austria, as his sister Marie-Thérèse had been, Louis was separated from his family and kept as a political prisoner in Paris.

He was first kept in the Temple prison in 1793, and was reportedly subjected to mistreatment and deprivation. Eventually, he was transferred to the custody of the Simon family, who were known to have treated the young prisoner relatively well. Yet even in the care of the family, Louis was seen as the potential cause for a movement to restore the monarchy, so he was twice returned to the custody of the state by decree of Napoleon I.

In 1814, Louis was declared King Louis XVII when the monarchy was restored upon the defeat of Napoleon. This did not last long, however, and Louis soon returned to the custody of the state. He did not live much longer, allegedly dying at the age of 10 in June 1814. While reports of his death remain questionable, with allegations that he died shortly after his return to state custody or was even smuggled out of the country, no one can say for sure what happened during this period.

With his untimely death, Louis XVII of France’s title was inherited by his brother, the Duke of Angoulême, who then became King Louis XIX. Though history will remember him as the ill-fated heir apparent of France, Louis XVII will forever remain a symbol of the struggle of the monarchy during the tumultuous period of the French Revolution.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *